THE PLASTIC MONSTER THAT IS DESTROYING OUR PLANET

Philippines is one of the world’s biggest markets for goods sold in small quantities. To cater to the majority of Filipinos who live on limited budgets, almost all consumer products are made available in sachets (small, single-use packets that are mostly made of plastic), thus the rise of what is known as “sachet economy” in the country.

This kind of economy is most beneficial to the consumers that belong to the financially disadvantaged or those who cannot afford to buy goods that only come in bulk or big packages. However, it has increasingly become a source of grave threat to the environment.

Everyday, you see people indiscriminately throwing their trash –candy wrappers, water bottles, disposable cups, plastic bags, containers and, yes, sachets! — on the streets or in vacant lots. Most families living along creeks, lakes, riverbanks and beaches toss their garbage into the water bodies with reckless abandon. Many households hardly reuse and recycle their consumed plastic products. Neither do they practice proper waste segregation.

As a result of these actions that reflect people’s gross lack of awareness and discipline, waterways and coastlines get clogged. In the aftermath of typhoons and floods, the shorelines are littered with mounds of trash. (Un)sanitary landfills and open dumpsites become inadequate and overfilled, making solid waste management one of the country’s major environmental challenges.

 

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Image grabbed from pop.inquirer.net

 

Hard Facts

According to the study of Jambeck Research Group, 192 coastal countries cumulatively produced a total of 2.5 billion metric tons of solid waste in 2010 –275 million metric tons of which was plastic. An estimated 8 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste managed to enter the ocean.

Based on the same study, the Philippines was the top 3 producer of mismanaged plastic waste. Today, the country continues to generate an estimated 43,684 tons of garbage daily, including 4,609 tons of plastic waste, according to government data.

The volume of plastic debris present in the oceans is so enormous that, carried by the strong currents, these float, dwell, migrate and help form any one of the 6 known massive swirling gyres – the East and West Pacific Gyres (these two make up the Great Pacific Garbage Gyre), the South Pacific Gyre, the North and South Atlantic Gyres, and the Indian Ocean Gyre. These gyres are sometimes referred to as the “Traveling Continent,” the “Seventh Continent,” or the Garbage Patches.

According to a United Nations report, if the alarming trend by which the mismanaged plastic waste ends up in the oceans persists, the world’s oceans will have more plastic than fish by the year 2050.

 

The Detrimental Effects of Plastic Pollution

In March of this year, a dead whale was washed ashore in Compostela Valley. 40kgs of plastic was found in its stomach. In the seas of Verde Island Passage, the center of the world’s marine biodiversity, a crab trapped inside a disposable cup was recently documented. And in Davao Gulf alone, three whales and a dolphin have already been found dead since the start of this year. Their bellies were full of plastic.

Plastic is a substance that the earth cannot digest. It is a strong and durable material that does not completely biodegrade, and takes a thousand years to break down. But, even then, it won’t decompose into useful nutrients; it just turns into infinitely small pieces of plastic which act like magnets in the water, attracting toxic substances.

To a sea turtle, a floating plastic bag may look like a jelly fish. To seabirds, plastic pellets look like fish eggs, small crab and other prey. Birds, fish and mammals get ensnared in drifting heaps of plastic. Seals and whales can get caught in translucent nets and drown.

 

Being Part of the Solutions

For citizens: Use “bayong,” fish nets, woven or cloth bags, and other eco-friendly, reusable grocery bags when shopping or doing your groceries. Practice waste segregation. Dispose of your garbage properly and observe solid waste management. Try composting. Reduce your daily use of plastics by looking for alternatives (reusable water bottles, to-go coffee mugs, steel straws, eco-friendly decorations, matches instead of disposable lighters, glass and reusable food containers and utensils, solid toiletries, bamboo toothbrushes, DIY cleaning products, menstrual cups, etc.). Buy in bulk if possible. Join beach or community cleanups. Reduce, refuse, reuse then recycle.

For the government: Participate in global and national efforts to put an end to plastic pollution. Encourage mangrove planting that would help in filtering the waste in the sea. Strictly implement Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act; Sponsor regular beach and coastal clean-ups. Launch a massive educational campaign about marine debris to bring about voluntary compliance through awareness. Institute Zero Waste programs. Compel companies to acknowledge their liability for plastic pollution. Establish materials recovery facilities all over the country. Institute comprehensive national plastic bag ban and regulate other single-use plastic products. Mandate companies to redesign products, packaging and delivery systems. Strengthen the ban on waste incineration.

For the commercial establishments and manufacturing corporations: Markets and grocery stores should stop using single-use or “sando” bags and, instead, should resort to the use of abaca, banana leaves and other sustainable materials to wrap their products. Restaurants and cafes should use straws made of eco-friendly materials such as coconut leaves (lukay) and refrain from using serving dishes, cups, bowls and utensils made of plastic and styrofoam. The manufacture of toiletries containing microbeads should be completely banned. Refilling stations for basic commodities and personal care products should be set up in all supermarkets and sari-sari stores nationwide. The consumer goods companies, named the top polluters responsible for a quarter of the branded throwaway plastic driving the plastic pollution crisis in the Philippines, should stop producing single-use plastic altogether. They should also acknowledge their great liability for plastic pollution.

According to the report released recently by the environmental organization Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA), Filipinos use more than 163 million plastic sachet packets, 48 million sando bags and 45 million labo bags daily. Over 90% of the plastic ever produced has not been recycled.

It is time that we stop feeding and actually slay the #PlasticMonster that is destroying our planet. And that can only be possible if we all do our part. Now.

#BreakFreeFromPlastic
#UseYourInfluenceToRaiseAwareness

*This article first appeared here.

 

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CHEL DIOKNO, ANG BOSES NG KATARUNGAN

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Ito si Chel.

Ama niya si Jose “Ka Pepe” Diokno, isang dating Senador, statesman at democracy icon.

Tinagurian ding Father of human rights advocacy sa Pilipinas si Ka Pepe.

Naging biktima ang pamilya nila ng Martial Law nang ipinaaresto at ipinakulong ni Marcos ang kanyang ama without charges and a warrant.

Siya ay may dugong Batangueño: dugo ng matapang, dugo ng matapat, at dugo ng makatao.

Honor student at recipient ng Gerardo Roxas Leadership award noong high school.

Gradweyt siya ng Philosophy sa UP Diliman, kung saan siya naging honorary member ng Creative Writing Center.

Nagtapos ng Law bilang magna cum laude sa Northern Illinois University.

Bumalik sa bansa upang magsilbi sa mga kababayan kahit na pumasa siya sa bar exam sa Illinois.

Naging kilalang human rights lawyer at defender.

Naglingkod at ngayon ay chairman ng Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG), na itinitag ng kanyang ama.

Nagsilbi sa Commission on Human Rights sa ilalim ng dalawang administrasyon.

Tumayong team leader sa impeachment proceedings against Erap Estrada.

Naging General Counsel ng Senate Blue Ribbon Committee during the 13th Congress.

Itinayo ang Diokno Law Center na nagbibigay ng legal training sa iba’t-ibang ahensiya ng gobyerno, private organizations, at mga eskwela.

Founding Dean ng De La Salle University College of Law.

Integrated Bar of the Phils. Presidential Adviser for Human Rights.

Tatlong dekadang nagsilbi bilang tagapagtanggol ng mga naaapi sa batas.

Naipanalo ang kaso ng 4,386 victims ng MV Doña Paz tragedy.

Isa sa mga FLAG lawyers na umusig sa mga pulis involved sa Kuratong Baleleng rubout case.

Legal counsel ni Jun Lozada, ang NBN/ZTE whistleblower noong panahon ni GMA.

Lead witness ng Ombudsman sa mga kaso laban kina NEDA head Romulo Neri at Comelec chair Benjamin Abalos.

Matagumpay na naipetisyon sa Supreme Court ang kauna-unahan nitong pag-iisyu ng Writs of Amparo para sa kanyang mga kliyenteng magsasaka na tinorture ng mga militar.

Nahatulan si Jovito Palparan sa naturang kaso.

Napalaya ang Tagaytay 5, isang grupo ng mga magsasaka, na ikinulong illegally ng PNP.

Matagumpay na naipagtanggol ang mga inosenteng hinatulan ng death penalty.

Isa sa mga legal counsel ni retired SPO3 Arturo Lascañas, ang nagbunyag sa Senado ng Davao Death Squad ni Duterte.

Kinwestyon sa Supreme Court ang constitutionality ng Oplan Tokhang.

Kasapi siya sa “Manlaban sa EJK,” isang koalisyon na nangangampanya laban sa extra-judicial killings sa bansa.

Sumulat ng mga librong may kinalaman sa batas at karapatang pantao.

Kasama ang buong pamilya Diokno, patuloy na lumalaban sa historical revisionism at sa mga pang-aabuso sa lipunan.

Isang political neophyte.

Bilang senatorial candidate, social media favorite siya during televised forum at debates dahil sa kanyang matapang, matalino at witty remarks.

Adbokasiya niya ang pagpapatupad ng mga reporma sa sistema ng hustisya.

Matapang na nilalabanan ang double standard ng hustisya sa bansa.

Naniniwala siyang dapat ‘pag may sala, may parusa.

Ang pangarap niya bilang Pilipino at future Senator ay patas na batas para sa lahat.

PILOpino Tayo! (Filipino version)

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Ito si Pilo.

May pagmamalaking tinatawag ang sarili na “Anak ng Tundo.”

Ina niya ay dating kasambahay.

Ama niya ay dating tindero at mensahero.

Sipag. Sikap. Talino.

Ang kanyang mga naging sandata sa paggapi sa kahirapan.

Iskolar at working student.

Gradweyt siya ng Economics sa UST.

Nagtapos ng Law sa UP College of Law.

Bar topnotcher noong 1999.

Kumuha ng Masters of Law sa Yale Law School.

Hindi nagpayaman bilang Abogado de Campanilla.

Sa halip, pinili niya ang maglingkod sa bayan.

Nagtrabaho siya sa Bantay Katarungan, isang anti-corruption group.

Nahasa siya sa ilalim ng statesman na si Jovito Salonga.

Nagtrabaho siya para kay retired SC Justice Vicente Mendoza, isang magiting na Constitutionalist.

Nagturo ng Batas sa UP sa loob ng 18 taon.

Itinalagang Solicitor General noong 2014.

Ipinagtanggol ang Reproductive Health Law sa Supreme Court.

Nabawi ang P71-B coconut levy funds para sa gobyerno.

Pinangunahan ang legal team na nagpapanalo ng ating arbitration case vs China over the West Phil. Sea.

Legal counsel nina Sen. Leila de Lima at Sen. Sonny Trillanes.

Walang takot na kritiko ng mga polisiyang anti-people at anti-law.

Ngayon ay kumakandidato para sa Senado.

Walang pera. Walang koneksiyon. Walang impluwensiya.

Hindi sikat.

Hindi galing sa political family.

Integridad.

Abilidad.

Kredibilidad.

Tinig ng mga api at ng mga nasa laylayan.

Kalaban ng korapsyon.

Bantay ng Konstitusyon.

Kampyon ng sobaranya.

Para kay Pilo Hilbay, walang pangarap na imposible!

PILOpino Tayo! (English version)

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This is Pilo.

Proudly calls himself “Anak ng Tundo.”

A son of a househelp and a messenger.

Hard work. Perseverance. Intellect.

Those were his stepping stones to success.

A scholar and working student.

Graduated with Economics degree from UST.

Earned his Law degree from the UP College of Law.

1999 Bar Topnotcher.

Obtained his Masters of Law degree from the Yale Law School.

He did not accept the lucrative job offers that came his way.

Instead, he opted to serve the country.

He worked for Bantay Katarungan, an anti-corruption group.

A protégé of Jovito Salonga, the statesman he wants to emulate.

He worked for a great constitutionalist, the retired SC Justice Vicente Mendoza.

Taught Constitutional Law in UP for 18 years.

Was appointed Solicitor General in 2014.

Defended the Reproductive Health Law before the Supreme Court.

He pushed for the return of the P71-B coconut levy funds to the gov’t. coffers.

Led the Phil. contingent that successfully fought for the West Philippine Sea.

Lawyer for detained Sen. Leila de Lima and embattled Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV.

A fearless critic of anti-people and anti-law policies.

He is now running for the Senate.

No money, no connections, no influence, no fame, no political name.

Integrity.

Ability.

Credibility.

A voice for the oppressed and the downtrodden.

A warrior against corruption.

A custodian of the Constitution.

A champion of the Philippine sovereignty.

Pilo Hilbay, a visionary dreamer.

MAKE A STAND WITH TEAM PILIPINAS!

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A friend messaged me today. Mas okay daw ang mga fb posts ko dati noong puro about family, parenthood, marriage at nakakatuwang mga kwento ang isini-share ko. Tigilan ko na raw kasi ang politika. Kung hindi, dadami lang daw ang wrinkles (at kaaway!) ko.

Ang sagot ko sa kanya?

Bes, nami-miss ko na rin ang time when I was always inspired to write and share articles about the joys of being a mom, a wife and a woman. Nami-miss ko na ang panahon when days would pass by na walang malaking ganap sa paligid natin. Nami-miss ko na ang pakiramdam na paggising sa umaga, I wouldn’t have to wonder with dread, “Ano na naman kaya ang mga mangyayari today na hindi kagandahan?”

Ngayon kasi, bes, the time demands na magbasa, magsulat at mag-share tayo para makapagmulat ng mga kababayan natin na walang alam, walang pakialam, o pinipili pa rin ang maniwala sa mga kasinungalingan.

Look around us.

Tuloy-tuloy pa rin ang pagpatay in the name of a fake drug war.

Wala pang nahuhuling drug lords. Yung mga umamin, pinakawalan. Yung mga convicted, ginawang witnesses laban kay Sen. De Lima, at pinawalang-sala.

Bilyun-bilyong halaga ng droga ang hinahayaang makapasok sa bansa.

 

Ang mga mahihirap, lalong napapahirapan dahil sa TRAIN law.

Bagsak ang ekonomiya natin.

Mahal ang mga bilihin.

Ang mga trabahong dapat nakalaan sa mga Pilipino, sa mga Tsino ibinibigay. Kaya ang mga OFWs, patuloy na nagpapaalipin at naaabuso sa ibang bayan.

 

Mas grabe ngayon ang korapsyon sa gobyerno. Harapan at walang pakundangan. Nariyan ang magkakapatid na Tulfo, sina Lapeña at Faeldon, si former DOJ Sec. Aguirre, si Bong Go at ang pamilya nya, si Solgen Calida, ang mga Villar, ang pamilya ni Sec. Diokno, ang mga Konggresista with their budget insertions, at marami pang iba.

 

Tinatakot at pilit na pinapatahimik ang mga personalidad at institusyon na lumalaban sa mga abuses ng administrasyong ito. Binabaluktok nila ang batas, at ginagawang tama ang mali at mali ang tama.

 

Pinipilit baguhin ng ating mga politiko ang Saligang Batas upang maproteksyunan nila ang kanilang pangsariling interes.

 

Ang mga kilalang plunderers, pinalaya na at ngayon ay mga kumakandidato para makabalik sa kapangyarihan. Habang ang mga batang paslit, gusto nilang gawing criminally liable at makulong kapag lumabag sa batas.

 

At ang mga teritoryo natin sa West Philippine Sea? Hayun, pinapabayaang kamkamin ng China. Bes, ilang taong ipinaglaban ‘yun ng Pilipinas sa The Hague. Naipanalo na natin ‘yun. Pero ngayon ay isinusuko ng administrasyong ito ang ating karapatan at pinapayagang i-harass ang ating mga mangingisda sa ating sariling katubigan.

 

And that poor excuse of a man na nakaupo sa Malacañang? Wala siyang ginagawa kundi bigyan ng kahihiyan ang Office of the Philippine President that he should be representing! Ang mga ipinagmamalaki niya lang na accomplishments ay ang kanyang mga fake wars.

Fake war against illegal drugs.

Fake war against corruption.

Fake war against poverty.

Fake war against oligarchs.

Fake war against incompetence.

 

Ngayon, bes, sabihin mo sa akin. Dapat ba akong manahimik? Baka naman panahon na para imulat mo ang iyong mga mata, pakinggan ang hinaing ng mga kababayan nating namatayan at naghihirap, at gamitin ang iyong boses upang kundinahin ang mga hindi makatao at hindi maka-Pilipinong nangyayari sa bayan natin.

Samahan mo kami, Bes.

Make a stand.

The way I see it, laban na ito ng mga tunay na nagmamahal at nagmamalasakit sa bayan versus mga traydor sa bayan. So, ang laban namin ay laban nating lahat. At kailangan nating maipanalo ang labang ito.

Bago pa mahuli ang lahat.

TEAM PILIPINAS CANDIDATES, KILALANIN NATIN!

They go by many names.

Fence sitters. Spectators. Onlookers. Bystanders

They are mostly passive, indifferent, detached, apathetic, neutral, and complacent.

Their favorite lines are, “Huwag na tayong makialam dyan. Wala rin namang mangyayari.” Hindi rin naman tayo pakikinggan.” “Pare-pareho lang naman ang mga namumuno sa bansa.” “Hindi rin naman magbabago ang buhay natin.”

Mali po.

We should all be concerned, active, interested, participative, involved, engaged.

The way our government is run should be our concern dahil kung anuman ang kahihinatnan ng bansa natin, tayo ang apektado. Ang buhay ng mga anak natin ang apektado. Ang mga susunod pang henerasyon ang apektado.

Sa mga nangyayari ngayon sa ating paligid, we can’t afford to be silent.

We have to make our voices clearer, louder, and stronger. And, together, we can possibly make a difference. We can effect change. We can reclaim our people and our country.

Kaya’t sa nalalapit na eleksyon, suriin nating mabuti ang ating mga kandidato. Huwag na tayong magpaloko. Ang mga corrupt, mga trapo, mga political dynasts, mga incompetent, mga supporters ng mga polisiyang maka-China, anti-people, at anti-God — there’s a special place reserved for them at, definitely, hindi iyon sa ating mga balota.

Ako, tumaya na. Ito ang aking mga kandidato na dadalhin ko sa Senado. Kilalanin nyo sila.

Sa abilidad, kalidad, integridad, at kredibilidad, hindi sila matatawaran.

Ang laban nilang walo ay laban ng bawat Pilipino!

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CHA-CHA NI GLORIA, MAKATAO O MAKA-POLITIKO?

Sa botong 224-22-3, the House of Representatives approved last December 11, during its 3rd and final reading, the resolution “that seeks to shift the Philippines to a federal system of government.” Ang nasabing proposed Revision of the 1987 Constitution ay kilala bilang Resolution of Both Houses number 15 o RBH 15.

Masasabi nating may pagka-ninja talaga itong si GMA.

Mabilis at walang ingay niyang nailusot sa committee level ang RBH 15 noong Oktubre ng nakaraang taon. Noong December 3, after only three days of plenary deliberation, debates were terminated. Ito ay sa kabila ng malinaw at malakas na pagtutol at protesta ng ating mga kababayan sa nasabing proposed constitution. (According to a June 2018 Pulse Asia survey, 67% ng ating populasyon ang hindi sumusuporta sa charter change, habang 62% naman ang hindi pabor sa shift to a federal form of government.) Also, the passage of the resolution after the third reading happened only eight days after it was approved on second reading. 8 days?!!! Nakulayan din ng kontrobersya ang hasty passage ng RBH 15 nang na-expose sa ating lahat ang bilyon-bilyong pork barrel insertions sa proposed 2019 national budget kung saan mga kaalyado ni GMA ang lumalabas na may malaking pakinabang. Hindi maiiwasang isipin na ginamit ang pork barrel to “bribe” the Congressmen para suportahan ang RBH 15.

Under RBH 15, which was authored by no other than our honorable House Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and filed with 35 other lawmakers, ay matatagpuan ang mga sumusunod na probisyon:

 

  1. The Vice President shall be excluded from the line of succession during the transition period. So, kapag may masamang nangyari kay Duterte habang Pangulo pa siya ng bansa, hindi si VP Leni ang papalit sa kanya, kundi ang Senate President who happens to be Tito Sotto. Juicecolored!

 

  1. The term limits for the members of Congress shall be removed. Under the present Constitution, a Senator can only sit for two consecutive 6-year terms, while a member of the Lower House is limited to three consecutive 3-year terms. Ang ninjang si Arroyo, na dating naka-wheelchair at naka-neck brace pa, is a third-termer lawmaker. So, siya ang unang makikinabang sa probisyong “unli” terms of office na ito. Ang saya-saya, di ba?

 

  1. This resolution does not have any provisions on the regulation of political dynasties, unlike the Con-Com draft. So, pwede na talagang magpakalunod sa kapangyarihan ang ating mga politiko pati na rin ang kanilang mga anak, mga anak ng kanilang mga anak, at mga anak ng mga anak ng kanilang mga anak. Hindi kaya sila lugi rito?

 

  1. Likewise, it does not have any provisions on the holding of elections in May 2019 because, under the new constitution, the first election shall be held on the second Monday of May in 2022. Meaning, mai-extend ang term ng lahat ng incumbent officials dahil kanselado ang darating na mid-term elections. Ngayon, mas malinaw na ba kung bakit talagang ni-railroad nila ang pagpasa ng RBH 15?

 

  1. We shall have a presidential-bicameral-federal form of government, wherein the President and Vice President are to be elected at large. Both should come from the same political party, and a vote for the Pres. is a vote for the Vice Pres. So, kung may natipuhan tayong presidential candidate na relatively ay matino but who happens to have a running mate na chaka kagaya halimbawa ni Pacquiao, wala tayong choice if we vote for him kundi ang tanggapin ang kanyang VP. Buy one, take one lang ang peg!

 

  1. Industries shall be opened up to foreign ownership. Dahil sa pag-insert nila ng phrase na “unless otherwise provided by law,” ang mga foreign investors ay posible nang magmay-ari ng ating mga lupain at iba pang natural resources, mga educational institutions, public utilities, media entities, at iba pa. Pwede na tayong maging alipin ng mga dayuhan sa ating sariling bayan!

 

  1. The Speaker of the House, instead of the Senate President, shall be the ex-officio chairman of the Commission on Appointments. Nakukulangan pa si GMA sa kapangyarihang hawak niya bilang House Speaker. Kailangang mapasakanya pa rin ang makapangyarihang komisyon na ito. Speaking of the insatiable appetite for power!

 

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Photo credit to the owner

 

This resolution has already been transmitted to the Senate for its own deliberations. Kailangan nating maging alerto at mapagbantay. Ipinakita na ng mga Kongresista ang kanilang tahasang pagkalulong sa kapangyarihan. Shamelessly! They want charter change for no other reason but to advance their self-interests. ‘Yun lang at wala nang iba.

Ngayon, tingnan natin how our Senators will fare.

 

 

 

Narito ang explanation ni Cong. Kit Belmonte sa kanyang NO vote to Cha-cha. Sana, lahat ng politiko ay kagaya niya.

Atty. Kit Belmonte votes NO to Cha-cha

EXPLANATION OF VOTE

Madame Speaker, my colleagues: Magandang hapon po. As representative of the Sixth District of Quezon City, I vote NO to RBH 15.

The House of Representatives is the primary institution that ensures that  in the enactment of national measures enshrine the interest of each and every Filipino. We in Congress are the representatives of our constituents. Our constituents deserve no less: we have to make sure that their interest is guarded with every legislation that is sought to be passed in this august chamber.

RBH 15 as we see it now is so different from the drafts discussed in committee. It was even recommitted to the Committee on Constitutional Amendments  for the failure to include the Vice President in the line of succession. Despite clear objections to the proposed constitution, debates were terminated on December 3, 2018, after only three session days of debate.

Three days to debate a measure to change our constitution, ladies and gentlemen. For a resolution that seeks to change the very character of our nation and the fundamental workings of our government, it is a disservice to our constituents. Three session days: there WILL be questions that WILL be unanswered.

Hawiin natin ang usapan mula sa pulitika pabalik sa mga katanungang bumabagabag sa mga ordinaryong Pilipino—mataas na presyo ng bilihin, kawalan ng trabaho, karahasan laban sa mahihirap. At a time when poverty and powerlessness prevail over our citizens, hindi ba dapat sa kanila nakatuon ang ating pansin at kung papaano natin mabibigyan ng solusyon ang kanilang mga suliranin?

Change is a double-edged sword. Tinkering with our constitution all in the name of supposed “change”, and forcing such change despite the absence of any clamor, and only for personal gain will not in any way contribute to the strengthening of our nation.

Tanggal and term limits, Burado ang anti – dynasty provision. Para kanino ba talaga ang Cha-Chang ito?

In behalf of the constituents of the 6th District of Quezon City, I vote NO to RBH 15.

 

 

Sen. Pilo Hilbay on RBH 15:

https://news.mb.com.ph/2018/12/12/former-solgen-bares-real-motive-of-cha-cha/

 

List of major constitutional changes under RBH 15:

https://www.rappler.com/nation/218210-list-major-changes-house-draft-constitution-federalism?utm_medium=Social&utm_campaign=Echobox&utm_source=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR3Z3OB7qxSr53j8-m5mUfGLu8sjGRH5I8lpGGB2eHKoJh_w452907VxJAI#Echobox=1544517984

 

The Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP) on RBH 15:

https://www.ceap.org.ph/upload/download//201812/1201337840_1.pdf